Saturday, July 9, 2011

What is essential oils?

Essential oils are known by the name of the etheric oil or flying oil which is a material that is volatile (volatile), has a tart taste, and smell like a native plant taken from plant parts like leaves, fruits, seeds, flowers, roots, rhizomes, bark wood, even the entire plant. It is produced by plants in addition, can also be a form of degradation by enzymes or made synthetically.
The essential oils production can be reached through three ways: (1) compression (pressing), (2) using a solvent extraction (solvent extraction), and (3) distillation (distillation). Distillation is the most widely used method to obtain it. Distillation is done by boiling the raw material in the distillation boiler so there is steam needed to separate it by means of flowing saturated steam from the boiler into the distillation kettle.
It is one of the agro-commodity export potential that could be a mainstay for Indonesia to get foreign exchange. Export-import statistics indicate that world essential oils consumption and its derivatives gained about 10% from year to year. The increase was primarily driven by the need for industrial development of the food flavouring, cosmetics and fragrances industry.
The potential of Indonesia
Some examples of sources of essential oils from plants that grow in Indonesia and parts of the plants:
Roots: vetiver, Kemuning
Leaves: Patchouli, Clove, Lemongrass, Betel, Mentha, Cajuput, Gandapura, Kaffir lime, Karmiem, Krangean, Kemuning, Kenikir, Turmeric, Kunci, Basil, Gimbul Pine, Fan Pine
Seed: Nutmeg, Pepper, Celery, Avocado, Cardamom, Klausena, Kasturi, Kosambi.
Fruit: Fennel, Orange, Caraway, Cubeb, Anis, Coriander.
Flower: Clove, Cananga, Ylang-ylang, Jasmine, night Tuberose, yellow Cempaka, Daun Seribu, yellow Gandasuli, Srikanta, Angsana, Srigading.
Bark: cinnamon, acacia, Lawang, Sandalwood, Masoi, Selasihan, Sintok.
Rhizome: Ginger, Turmeric, Bangel, Baboan, Jeringau, Turmeric, Galangal, Lempuyangsari, Temu Hitam, Wild Ginger, Temu Putri.
All parts: Akar kucing, Bandotan, Inggu, Basil, Sudamala, Trawas.
In this blogspot, we will explain some essential oils producing plants that become commodity of Indonesia.

You might also like:
Indonesia patchouli oils
Essential oil processing
Domestic trade of essential oil in Indonesia
Organic pesticides from essential oils in Indonesia
Tips for safely aromatherapy using essential oils
Indonesia healthy beverage from garbage?

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