Friday, September 14, 2012

Cape jasmine essential oil

Cape jasmine essential oil contains linalol and styrolyl compounds. While the fruit from this plant is known to contain crocin (a type of natural carotenoid which is found in the flowers of crocus and gardenia), having bright yellow color as well as on saffron. These include in Rubiaceae familia. It is usually grown by Javanese people as an ornamental bush, cultivated in front of or next to the home page, in order to beautify the yard.
Cape jasmine or Gardenia jasminoides or Gardenia augusta (in Latin name) is a flower that has a distinctive aroma and grow in the tropics. Its origin may be from Asia and it is widely grown in Indonesia/INA, Vietnam, southern China, Formosa (one of the Taiwan provinces), Japan and India. Other names are ceplok piring, cepiring, peciring (Java), buah patah, buah batek, buah kuning, bunga susu (INA). Its cultivation is carried out by cultivating the trunk rod cutting. The rod cutting having 3 to 4 segment is very good for this purpose. It requires high humidity to grow the flowers. The are blooming in summer. Research experts revealed that these flowers have cape jasmine essential oil. According to Benita Nofritasari and Suhardjono of Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University in Semarang, INA, its leaves has long been used by the domestic people as an antidiabetic traditional medicinal plant. Giving infuse of cape jasmine leaves at a certain dose can reduce blood glucose levels significantly. Dosage gardenia leaves in adult humans (50 kg) is 12 gardenia leaves which is equivalent with 10 grams.
Extraction by using PE (petroleum ether with the process is almost the same as the other flowers oil distillation gave 0.07% yield, specific gravity 1.009 (heavier than water), and optical rotation +1.47. That led to their last name of jasminoides is the identical marker compound: benzyl acetate. In addition, their other chemical constituents include: stryroyl acetate, linalol, linalyl acetate, terpeneneol, methyl anthranilate, lactone, gamma-decalactone, ocimene and tiglic acid. Unlike roses which can be used in food or drink, the essential oil produced from cape jasmine has toxic properties that are less safe or not recommended. The effect is calming and the price is more expensive than the rosa damascena, because it is quite difficult to get the material. This is a seasonal crop. INA has the potential to develop, but once again, they are facing competition from overseas markets especially China and India.

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